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Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von

Potsdam, Germany
31.08.1821

Berlin, Germany
08.09.1894

Degrees: M.D., Königlich Medizinisch-chirurgische Friedrich-Wilhelm Institut, Berlin, 1842
Career: 1837 government stipend for five years' study at the Königlich Medizinisch-chirurgische Friedrich-Wilhelm-Institut in Berlin; in return Helmholtz comitted himself to eight years' service as an army surgeon; 1838 entry into the University of Berlin, studies of chemistry under Eilhardt Mitscherlich, of clinical medicine under Lucas Schönlein, and of physiology under Johannes Müller; 1841 research for his dissertation under Johannes Müller and later move into the circle of Müller's students (chief among these were Ernst Brücke and Emil Du Bois-Reymond); with Carl Ludwig they made up the '1847 school' of physiology; M.D. degree in 1842; after completing the state medical examinations appointment as surgeon to the regiment at Potsdam; in 1845 DuBois-Reymond brought him into the newly founded Physikalische Gesellschaft; release from his military duty; 1849 associate professor of physiology at Königsberg; 1855 transfer to the chair of anatomy and physiology at Bonn; 1858 chair at Heidelberg; 1871 chair of physics at Berlin; 1887 assumption of the presidency of the newly founded Imperial Physico-Technical Institution for research in the exact sciences and precision technology.
Selected works: Helmholtz, Hermann von. 1842. De fabrica systematis nervosi evertebratorum. Berlin: Universität Berlin Helmholtz, Hermann von. 1847. Über die Erhaltung der Kraft: Eine physikalische Abhandlung, Vorgetragen in der Sitzung der physikalischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin am 23. Juli 1847. Berlin: G. Reimer Helmholtz, Hermann von. 1850. Messungen über den zeitlichen Verlauf der Zuckung animalischer Muskeln und die Fortpflanzungsgeschwindigkeit der Reizung in den Nerven. Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin: 276-364 Helmholtz, Hermann von. 1867. Handbuch der physiologischen Optik. Leipzig: L. Voss Helmholtz, Hermann von. 1863. Die Lehre von den Tonempfindungen als physiologische Grundlage für die Theorie der Musik. Braunschweig: F. Vieweg
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Sources: Schmidt ; Zusne ; DSB ; Image: Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin: Collection of Portraits - HBSB ZM B I/1478
Related: See: Helmholtz's 'psychological' time experiments, article by Henning Schmidgen
ADB
Apparatus for the Artificial Construction of Vowels (Koenig 1889)
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ISSN 1866-4784: reference - xlink